The material of your deck is almost more important than the design itself. From wood to composite, there are a ton of variables including color, texture, installation, and price. Here are the most common deck materials to choose from.
Wood is strong, natural, and feels the best to touch. But it requires the most maintenance over any other deck material. Annual cleanings are a must and wood decks must be treated and re-sealed every two to three years. That still won’t prevent a wood deck from breaking down from rotting, warping, and splintering, though, which are pretty common in older decks. If your deck is really showing signs of wear you can apply a colored protectant which should add a few more years to the life of your deck.
There are three main types of wood you can use:
- Pressure Treated wood decks are the least expensive, but install with care, since the chemicals they are treated with is toxic and corrosive. They can be painted and stained an unlimited amount of colors. These decks can last 15-20 years.
- Redwood and Cedar are the most popular natural wood decking choices for they’re overall beauty and resistance to bugs and rot. They are soft woods that can be easily damaged, but they can last 20 years with proper maintenance.
- IPE hardwood decking is a dense dark wood sourced from South America that is very resistant to wear, rot, splintering, bugs, and even fire. It’s the most expensive wood deck option, but will last 25 years or more.
If you don’t mind the maintenance that comes with wood decks, then you’ll save money on the front end. But remember, you’ll need to spend a bit every couple of years to wash, stain, and scrub the deck to keep it in good condition too.
For DIYers, wood decks are the best option as there are many plans and books available to help guide you through the process. A wood deck can also be built using standard tools and hardware, unlike some composite or PVC decks which can require special clips or fasteners.
With all wood options, buy woods certified by the Forest Stewardship Council, which indicates that sustainable practices have been used to harvest the wood.
Composite decks are made from a blend of plastic and waste wood fibers, which make it resistant to rot and wear. These decks most resemble wood. You buy the color you want and there is no need to paint or stain them. Overall composites are more expensive than wood, but the only maintenance they need is an occasional gentle scrubbing using deck cleaner and pressure washing to prevent mildew.
These decks are installed using clips, deck screws, or hidden fasteners for a seamless look.
Trex and TimberTech are industry leaders in composite decking, and between them you should just aim to find a color and style you like.
PVC (polyvinyl chloride) decking is 100% recyclable and won’t rot, stain, or fade. Plastic decks are less expensive than composite decks and have closed the gap in appearance and touch to composite decks. From a distance a PVC deck may look like wood but when you stand on it there is no mistaking it’s plastic.
Fiberon Paramount PVC decking is available in a variety of colors and most mimics natural wood. AZEK is another major PVC decking manufacturer that offers limited lifetime warranties on their decks.